.

Thursday, 7 June 2012

Linux

What is it?


Linux is a free, open-source, UNIX-like operating system. As you continue to learn how to hack, you will realize how important it is to learn how to use the Linux operating system. Need some convincing? Here are a couple facts:
1. Millions of servers on the internet run on the Linux operating system. You must learn the operating system to be able to penetrate these web servers.
2. Some of the best hacking programs only run on Linux.

Choosing a distribution

A Linux distribution is the Linux kernel (- central component of an operating system.) plus a collection of applications. If you are a beginner to Linux, I would suggest starting with Ubuntu as your first Linux distribution. It is simple to install and very user friendly. To see a full list of the most popular distributions can go to http://distrowatch.com .

Running Linux

There are many ways to get Linux up and running. I will show you the most popular methods below.

Live CD

Live CD’s are usually used to test and play around with a Linux distribution. With a Live CD, you do not have to install the OS (operating system) onto your hard drive because it runs off the disc on boot. Because it is running off a disc, you won’t be able to permanently modify any system files. Everything you do will be stored temporarily in your RAM. Below are the steps to create a Live CD.

1. Download the Ubuntu Live CD .iso file from www.ubuntu.com .










2. Download and install IsoRecorder at http://isorecorder.alexfeinman.com/isorecorder.htm and burn the Ubuntu .iso file onto a blank CD with the software.
Once you have downloaded and installed the IsoRecorder software locate the Ubuntu image file, right click and select Copy image to CD and follow the rest of the steps shown in the image.






 3. Restart the computer with the newly made CD in the CD-ROM.
If your computer doesn’t boot from the CD and continues into Windows, you must change your computer’s boot order. You can do this by restarting your computer and going into BIOS. You get there by hitting the correct key constantly. If you see the Windows screen, it means you missed it. The key varies from system to system. Usually it is a function key such as F10. It may also be the DEL or ESC key. The key should be shown on your screen immediately after you boot up your computer. It is usually the key pointing to “Setup”.



Once you are in the BIOS, select “Boot Sequence” and make sure CD-ROM is set to the first one. If it’s not, move it up. All what this does is makes sure your CD-ROM boots before your hard drive.



If all went well, you should see the Ubuntu boot options screen.


You will first see a window full of countries. Once you select yours you will see the main Ubuntu screen. From here choose the first option to try Ubuntu without any risks. Once the Ubuntu desktop has loaded and you decide you like what you see, you have the option to install it by clicking on the install button on the desktop.

NEXT TIME I"LL GIVE INFO ON WUBI...!!!


0 comments:

Post a Comment

Twitter Delicious Facebook Digg Stumbleupon Favorites More